We use cookies to ensure that you get the best experience on our website. I WILL COMBINE POSTAGE COSTS IF I AM MESSAGED BEFORE PAYMENT IS MADE. They painted highly stylized figures with exaggeratedly long and curving limbs, a contrast to the strict classical proportions that preceded them. How did he fit into the larger Egyptian picture? The mask will be displayed with the entire Tutankhamun collection at the forthcoming Grand Egyptian Museum. Tutankhamun is thought to have reversed the unpopular religious changes, reforming god Amun to glory and moving all capital business back to Thebes. Newsletter 44 was Tutankhamuns funeral mask made for Queen Nefertiti December 7, 2016 November 30, 2015 by Mark Millmore Last year the beard was broken off Tutankhamun’s death mask by a museum worker who tried to cover up his blunder by super gluing it back on. The son of Amenhotep III, though, was a different sort. His nose has a thin bridge and wider end, and it is straighter and smaller than an adult man’s. Tutankhamun’s mask is one of the best-known artefacts in the world and is now displayed at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. All rights reserved. When most people think of ancient Egypt of mummies, one of the first things that come to mind is the beautiful gold mask with a blue and gold headdress. Death Mask from innermost coffin, Tutankhamun’s tomb, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, c. 1323 B.C.E., gold with inlay of enamel and semiprecious stones (Egyptian Museum, Cairo) (photo: Bjørn Christian Tørrissen, CC BY-SA 3.0) The death mask (above) is considered one of the masterpieces of Egyptian art. From the side, it is slightly upturned. The distance between his nose and his lips, where the filtrum (the indentation above the upper lip) is carved, is very small, as is the distance between the lower lip and the chin. The beautiful and intricate mask of King Tutwas designed in the image of the pharaoh and was intended to assist the king's spirit in its transition to the afterlife. The rest of the mask, and the series of coffins in which he was buried, are replete with paraphernalia that emphasized his role as king. Nefertiti, Akhenaten’s wife, seems to have wielded great power. Semi-precious stones were used to enhance King Tut’s eyes. Tut was married to his half-sister, and he was buried with two fetuses, which DNA tests suggested were his children. But do you really understand what it represents and wh… The Boy King Behind the Mask: Tutankhamun’s Life and Legacy The incredible golden mask with its dark blue stripes of lapis lazuli and serious young face is probably … Some of the most magnificent accomplishments belonged to Amenhotep III’s era, including the largest funerary complex at Thebes, which we know now only from the famed Colossi of Memnon. The funerary art of Egypt had a distinct purpose far beyond remembrance of dead loved ones. Learn more about one of the most loved and celebrated women in the history of Egypt. Condition : Excellent. It was filled with unguents and oils used in the mummification process. Sadly, Tut’s own early demise might have been linked to those weaknesses attributed to incest. (Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, Cairo) So let’s look closer at the mask, and see how the story begins and ends. The celebrated gold and riches of the tomb, and the excitement of the discovery, amaze us even today. It is fashioned from two layers of high-karat gold, varying from 1.5–3 mm (0.059–0.118 in) in thickness, and weighing 10.23 kg (22.6 lb). Egyptomania swept the world and all manner of goods were named for King Tut. Protective inscriptions are carved on the coffins as well. On his brow is the kingly uraeus: the cobra Wadjet, representing Lower Egypt, combined with the vulture Nekhbet of Upper Egypt. Tutankhamun’s mask is 54 centimetres (21 inches) tall, 39.3 cm (15.5 inches) wide and 49 centimetres (19 inches) deep. The rows of the necklace are composed of lapis, quartz, amazonite, and colored glass. The interplay of curving striped collar and rhythmically striped nemes is pleasing and quite complex. *. It was discovered by Howard Carter in 1925 in tomb KV62 in the Valley of the Kings, and is now housed in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. It can be seen that the names of Tutankhamun were written on previously carved symbols, which correspond to the titles given to Queen Nefertiti. There before us lay the sealed door, and with its opening we were to blot out the centuries and stand in the presence of a king who had reigned 3,000 years ago. When King Tutankhamun’s tomb was opened in November 1922, the world fell under his spell. Many Egyptian tombs had been robbed in the thousands of years since the pharaohs were buried, but Tutankhamun’s grave was small and somehow survived. Print. Yet they are those of a very elegant youth—sophisticated, delicate, and fine-boned. As Howard Carter told it: One thought and only one was possible. However, he later changed his name to Tutankhamun Heqaiunushema (“Living Image of Amun, ruler of Heliopolis of Upper Egypt“). This is a transcript from the video series 30 Masterpieces of the Ancient World. Tutankhamun’s mask also had a long, narrow golden beard. Watch it now, on The Great Courses Plus. This new style, which some call naturalistic—but is quite mannered and exaggerated in many ways, although more fluid and personal—was adopted by his artists. Blue lapis lazuli was used to give the gold beard a pleated look. Funerary mask of Tutankhamen (c1323BC) Jonathan Jones. They’re almost bow-shaped and full like a baby’s pucker. Nicholas Reeves, a British Egyptologist, says that the historic mask could have been made for Tutankhamun's stepmother – the mysterious Queen Nefertiti. You may even have a Halloween mask of it, like I do, I confess. Of course, in that new era of the press and radio news, the discovery created a sensation. The mask is inscribed with a magic formula of protection: It’s on the shoulders and the back. GOOD LUCK IN YOUR BIDDING TODAY to ceremoniously cover the face in grandeur, The Great Tours: England, Scotland, and Wales, why the Egyptians went to such great lengths to prepare bodies after death, the secrets of Egypt’s famous boy king, Tutankhamun, one of the most loved and celebrated women in the history of Egypt, how using trial and error Sneferu figured out how to build a true pyramid, how King Narmer unified Upper and Lower Egypt, several pieces of exquisite ancient jewelry covered in hieroglyphs, the story of the excavation of King Tut’s tomb, The Great Pyramid at Giza: A Marvel of Ancient Egyptian Engineering, Erecting an Obelisk: A Monument of Egyptian Grandeur, Osiris, Seth, Horus, and the Divine Origins of Egyptian Kingship. The mask is one of the best-known works of art in the world. The mask is made of gold, precious stones, and glass inlay, 14th century BCE. His early and untimely death had practically erased his existence from Egyptian memory, which is probably the reason his tomb had not been looted like every other. Pharaoh Tutankhamun’s death mask is worth around 2 million dollars. He was in reality not much more than a boy. In addition to ensuring that the soul was able to recognize its own body, the burial mask transformed mortals to a godly state and allowed them to pass safely through the underworld. THE GOLDEN MASK OF TUTANKHAMUN. © EgyptConnection - All rights reserved 2020. This name was written as “Amen-tut-ankh” because of the tradition of honorific transposition (where the name of a god is written first out of respect). My own feelings as I mounted the platform were a strange mixture, and with trembling hand I struck the first blow. It had to fit in with 2,000 years of Egyptian tradition concerning the king. The mask would allow the ba (soul) to recognise the mummy after its wanderings during the day. The Egyptologist Howard Carter discovered it in 1922. Tutankhamun ruled ancient Egypt for the years 1334-1325 BC during the 18 th Dynasty of the New Kingdom. By using this form you agree with the storage and handling of your data by this website. The mask of Tutankhamun is a gold mask of the 18th-dynasty ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamun (reigned 1332–1323 BC). Psusennes bears a gold cobra on his forehead. Learn more about why the Egyptians went to such great lengths to prepare bodies after death. He founded a new capital, Akhetaten, and encouraged a new art style that departed from the standards of 2,000 years. The death mask of Tutankhamun. So the style in which he had himself depicted was a religious statement: Akhenaten wanted to have the characteristics of both male and female to express his centrality in the religion. Under Tut’s grandfather, Amenhotep III, who ascended to the throne in 1390 BC, war and art flourished, and Egypt’s empire extended from the Euphrates in Syria to the Nile’s 4th Cataract in Nubia, where the gold was mined. The image of the perfect, ideal, youthful, and muscular king, with faculties far outpacing the common man, had to be conjured by the artist. [A cartouche is an oval or oblong enclosing a group of Egyptian hieroglyphs, usually representing the name and title of a monarch.]. The tomb was discovered by egyptologist Pierre Montet in 1940. The art had a role in their religion, in the ideology that supported kingship, and in reinforcing the hierarchy of society. Tutankhamun’s tomb was discovered in November 1922 by archaeologists Howard Carter and the fifth Earl of Carnarvon. Tut was born in the New Kingdom (1550–1070 BC), the time of greatest flowering of the Egyptian empire. Tutankhamun’s burial chamber was found in the Valley of the Kings in 1922 and opened three years later. The style made use of an elongated, elegant, and sinuous line. It was discovered by the Egyptologist Howard Carter in 1922. The death mask of Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun. Tut, mysteriously, seems not to have been the son of Akhenaten by Nefertiti or his secondary wife, but according to the DNA is the son of Akhenaten and his so-far nameless full sister. It’s thought that Tut died before his tomb was sufficiently prepared, and his successor had him buried swiftly in a modest tomb meant for someone else. You’ve seen the Mask of Tutankhamun many times, no doubt; you may even have a Halloween mask of it. The combination of the two is symbolic of his domination of both lands. Other art historians see the style as “mannered,” in that it has some parallels to the style of the 16th century Italian Mannerists, like that of Parmigianino or Bronzino. Made of solid gold, inlaid with semi-precious stones and coloured glass paste, the mask is an idealised portrait of the kin ID: HH4JNJ (RM) Golden death mask of Tutankamen (Tutankhamun) dc1340BC. Gold is associated with the sun god Ra, and ancient Egyptians believed it helps pharaohs in their journey to the afterlife. These proportions are all characteristics of a youth or a child. They were not brought to term, and perhaps couldn’t be because of genetic defects. Learn more about the story of the excavation of King Tut’s tomb. Masks such as Tutankhamun’s were created to ceremoniously cover the face in grandeur and to allow the spirit to recognize the body after death. The smooth, radiant gold face of the mask is meant to be a likeness of the boy pharaoh. It’s iconic and freighted with associations. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Details: egyptian, death, mask, pendant, egypt, gift, pharaoh, necklace, silver, tone Known as the “two ladies of the pharaoh”, they were meant to protect Tutankhamun and signified his rule over both Lower and Upper Egypt. But after the discovery and examination of his mummy, it turns out that he was perfectly normal. He died at 19, according to them, from a combination of malaria and necrosis of his leg. world coins egyptian pharaoh tutankhamun 1 pound coin, king tut. King Tutankhamun is famous for his young age when he became pharaoh as well as his elaborate death mask. He was a proud product of the practice of royal sister–brother incest, so his immune system may have been weaker than most, and led him to succumb to an early death. Tutankhamun, often called “The Boy King”, was around 19 when he died. Overcome with astonishment at the sheer quantity of precious material, we may neglect to notice how extraordinary the works from within the tomb are as works of art. Will come well packaged in discreet wrapping. Tut’s headcloth is merged seamlessly with his face; it consists of gold inlaid with stripes of blue paste, intended to resemble lapis lazuli, and knotted in the back. A new analysis of Tutankhamun’s golden death mask has led to a radical new theory – the mask was originally made for Nefertiti, step mother of Tutankhamun, as a co-regent to her husband king Akhenaten. This mask is one of the most well-known works of art in the world. One of them, named Ankhesenpaaten, later changed to Ankhesenamun, was married to Tut. This is one of the greatest works of Egyptian art and it lay closest to the mummified remains of the king. Tutankhamun’s birth name was actually Tutankhaten, reflecting the solar cult of Aten emphasized by his father. He was only a child when he ascended to the throne, and died tragically very young. His face is smooth and almost heart-shaped. It is beautiful. He began his reign under the name Tutankhaten, meaning “Living Image of the Aten”. Its complex back story is fascinating. But today, a very different image of the king has emerged. The face of the mask of Tutankhamun also resembles Osiris, the Egyptian god of the afterlife, because the ancient Egyptians believed that pharaohs preserved in the likeness of Osiris would rule the Kingdom of the Dead. Akhenaten replaced the earlier gods, Amun chief amongst them, with the worship of the sun disk, called the Aten. Read more interesting information in our other article about King Tut Tutankhamun. What they saw was the golden “Great Shrine.” They had not even reached the burial chamber of the dead king. 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