Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution.1192 pp. Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe. In China, I. balsamina flowers from July to October (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018). Impatiens balsamina. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. In: Plant invasions: human perception, ecological impacts and management, [ed. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds. Balsamina coccinea DC.. Balsamina cornuta DC.. Balsamina foeminea Gaertn.. Balsamina hortensis Desp.. Balsamina lacca Medik.. Balsamina minutiflora Span.. Balsamina mollis G.Don. Growing in containers can be a good way to limit its invasiveness. Reddy CS, 2008. Barbados: University of the West Indies. Impatiens balsamina -- Balsam Page 3 October 1999 Use and Management Balsam grows best in full sun to shade on well-drained but Balsamina balsamina (L.) Huth. PFAF, 2018. In: Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds . Species of Pythium and Rhizoctonia may cause damping-off in seedlings (van Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, 2001). (2011), Original citation: Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador (2018), Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. Bolivia Catalogue. (Flora Mesoamericana.). Caryologia, 56(4), 463-481. In: Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds, Ottawa, Canada: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. I. balsamina grows best in full sun to shade on well-drained but moist soils. https://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/app/uploads/2017/04/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf. Bissea, 9(Special Issue 2), 97 pp. 518-519) Fairly common in cultivation in different forms, sometimes occuring as an escape in waste places. Biological Invasions, 17(1), 149-163. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3/fulltext.html doi: 10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3, Sekar, K. C., 2012. Alien plants of the British Isles, London, UK: Botanical Society of the British Isles.603 pp. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). New catalogue of the vascular flora of Venezuela. Celesti-Grapow L, Pretto F, Carli E, Blasi C, 2010. The chromosome number reported for I. balsamina is 2n = 14 (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018). Ochoa J G, Andrade G I, 2003. Hokche O, Berry PE, Huber O, 2008. The introduced flora to Machu Picchu Sanctuary: an inventory and management priorities for biodiversity conservation. 2), 1-88. http://repositorio.geotech.cu/jspui/bitstream/1234/1476/4/Lista%20nacional%20de%20plantas%20invasoras%20de%20Cuba-2015.pdf, PIER, 2018. I. balsamina is widely cultivated as an ornamental for its attractive flowers. (Flora introducida en el Santuario Histórico de Machu Picchu: inventario y prioridades de manejo para la conservación de la biodiversidad.). St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://tropicos.org/Project/CE. European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Hydrocera triflora. Funk V, Hollowell T, Berry P, Kelloff C, Alexander S N, 2007. Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. I. balsamina grows at elevations from close to sea level up to 3500 m. This species is commonly cultivated as an ornamental in gardens across tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Funk, V., Hollowell, T., Berry, P., Kelloff, C., Alexander, S. N., 2007. I purchased Impatiens Balsamina seeds from J.L.Hudson (he lists it as Camillia-flowered Impatiens). Clement, E. J., Foster, M. C., 1994. Balsamina racemosa Buch.-Ham. In Puerto Rico, this species was first collected in 1899 (Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015). These species can be distinguished by the following vegetative and floral traits (Christenhusz, 2009): Impatiens balsamina: flowers usually solitary in leaf axils; lateral petals completely united, only shallowly incised, unevenly bilobed; fruits are hairy. Clement E J, Foster M C, 1994. Online Portal of India Biodiversity. Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species. (Red Interamericana de Información de Especies Invasoras, Costa Rica)., San José, Costa Rica: Asociación para la Conservación y el Estudio de la Biodiversidad. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, USDA-ARS, 2018. No known synonyms Conclusions by Zone. In: Invasive Species Compendium, Wallingford, UK: CABI.https://www.cabi.org/ISC/datasheet/28766, Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2018. > 0°C, dry winters), Widely commercialized as an ornamental and potted plant, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Naturalization and invasion of alien plants in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. However, it is probably native to India and Myanmar (USDA-ARS, 2018) and is recorded as both native and introduced in Sri Lanka (Flora of Pakistan, 2018; India Biodiversity Portal, 2018). For more information, visit. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2015. Compendium record. Starting at $2.50 USD Out of Stock American Germander Seeds Teucrium canadense Quick View Life Science Journal, 5(2), 84-89. Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. London, UK: Botanical Society of the British Isles. ex D.Don. These flowers don’t perform well as cut blossoms and are best enjoyed in the garden. Garden balsam, rose balsam, spotted snapweed, touch-me-not Synonyms. Oviedo Prieto R, González-Oliva L, 2015. by Valkenburg J L C H van, Bunyapraphatsara N]. This species does not tolerate frost (Gilman and Howe, 1999; PFAF, 2018). Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. (Lista nacional de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2015). Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Tropicos website. http://www.europe-aliens.org/. Flowers white or pink; lateral sepals 2-3 mm, narrowly ovate-lanceolate, the apex acute; lower sepal 13-19 mm, 0.4-0.8 cm deep, deeply navicular, abruptly constricted into a spur, the spur 1.3-2.4 cm, filiform, incurved in the distal half, glabrous or finely pubescent; upper petal 10-14 x 7-11 mm, apically pointed with an appendage 2-4 mm; lateral petals 23-35 mm, fully united, unevenly bilobed, the upper petal of each lateral pair smaller than the lower; ovary densely pubescent. This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list or law. Appearance Impatiens glandulifera is a succulent annual that can be 3-10 ft. (0.9-3 m) tall.The stems are purple-tinged, hollow, and hexagonally angled. This species has been cultivated as an ornamental in Europe since the 16th century (Adamowski, 2008; IPK Gatersleben, 2018). The PLANTS Database. The fruit is an explosively-dehiscent capsule with the walls in-rolling from the base. In: Flora of China. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. 17 (1), 149-163. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3/fulltext.html DOI:10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3, Sekar K C, 2012. Seeds many, black-brown, globose, 1.5-3 mm in diameter, tuberculate. North, Central, South Not a problem species (un-documented) ... University of Florida / IFAS / Center for Aquatic & Invasive Plants. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. Impatiens giorgii De Wild.. Gilman EF, Howe T, 1999. Alien plants of the British Isles. Chromosomal evolution in Balsaminaceae, with cytological observations on 45 species from Southeast Asia. 57-70. Impatiens balsamina is an annual herb thought to be native to India and Myanmar. India Biodiversity Portal, 2018. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. 55, 584 pp. Chacón E, Saborío G, 2012. by | Dec 8, 2020 | Uncategorized | 0 comments | Dec 8, 2020 | Uncategorized | 0 comments I. balsamina spreads by seed. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa., https://www.prota4u.org/. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Flowers of spotted jewelweed ( Impatiens capensis ). There are no pictures available for this datasheet, Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015, Flora of China Editorial Committee (2018), Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez (2015), Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2018, van Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore.273 pp. Germany: IPK Gatersleben. http://invasoras.acebio.org. In: The PLANTS Database. Plants for a Future Database. Biological Invasions. East Malling, UK: Horticultural Development Council. It has been widely introduced outside of its native range as an ornamental to Europe, Asia, the Americas, … Invasive alien plants of Indian Himalayan Region - diversity and implication. This easy-to-grow daisy looks a lot like the Ox Eye Daisy, but it is not as invasive. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species. Listado de las Plantas Vasculares del Departamento de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia: Universidad de Antioquia.939 pp. Bothalia, 41(1), 41-82. http://www.sanbi.org, Flora Mesoamericana, 2018. Impatiens glanulifera, Balsaminaceae imported pest displacing endemic species in many places. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. While the genus Impatiens is very diverse and includes about 1000 species, the genus Hydrocera is monotypic, containing the single species Hydrocera triflora, native to South India, Sri Lanka, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, and the Celebes (Gupta, 2011). Questions and/or comments to the Bugwood Webmaster 2. (2004) disputed such classifications … Non-Hosts: New Guinea impatiens, Impatiens hawkeri, and other plants are NOT affected. Beltsville, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory.http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl, USDA-NRCS, 2018. Valkenburg J L C H van, Bunyapraphatsara N, 2001. The PLANTS Database. I. balsamina is a popular ornamental plant that has been widely introduced across tropical and subtropical regions of the world (Flora Mesoamericana, 2018; PIER, 2018; USDA-ARS, 2018). http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list. Balsamina odorata Buch.-Ham. Leaves are lanceolate to lance-ovate with acuminate tips. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). Rome, Italy: Casa Editrice Università La Sapienza.208 pp. Noteworthy Characteristics. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 3(2), 177-184. http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?paperID=17533 doi: 10.4236/ajps.2012.32021. Lista Nacional de plantas invasoras en Cuba - 2015. It spreads by seed and also vegetatively by stem fragments and can form dense stands in forest understory inhibiting germination and the establishment of seedlings, displacing native plant species. Balsamina lacca Medik. Balsam (Impatiens balsamina) can grow to about 30 inches tall and taller varieties of busy Lizzy reach 24 inches. American Journal of Plant Sciences. Stevens PF, 2012. by Valkenburg, J. L. C. H. van, Bunyapraphatsara, N. ]. It has escaped from cultivation and become naturalized in disturbed sites and semi-natural habitats including secondary forests and forest edges. Ecología en Bolivia. Seeds are dispersed when they are ejected from the capsule with an initial velocity of up to 4 m/s. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Anderberg et al. 68 (3), 227-236. Plant introduction, naturalization, and invasion in French Guiana (South America). IPK Gatersleben, 2018. 603 pp. Species within the genus Impatiens are distributed primarily across Africa (especially Madagascar) and tropical and subtropical montane forests of South East Asia (Janssens et al., 2009; Stevens, 2012). Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 52(3), 806-824. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/10557903 doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2009.04.013. The flowers of I. balsamina are protandrous. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, Washington, USA: Department of Systematic Biology - Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Impatiens balsamina. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Impatiens balsamina L. Jump to: Distribution Maps | Sources. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong MT, 2012. Impatiens balsamina. 14 (5), 915-927. http://www.springerlink.com/content/mp782272x513px25/ DOI:10.1007/s10530-011-0129-1, Figueiredo E, Paiva J, Stévart T, Oliveira F, Smith G F, 2011. Where it has escaped cultivation, it can be found naturalized along roads, in rubbish dumps, fields, forest edges, grasslands, streambeds and other disturbed open places. Wild jewelweeds are also susceptible. Caterpillars outdoors. Oviedo Prieto R, González-Oliva L, 2015. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.tropicos.org/Project/BC, Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. We'll find out about the reseeding next year. Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria.http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of Nicaragua, 2018. Rojas-Sandoval J, Acevedo-Rodríguez P, 2015. Adamowski, W., 2008. Impatiens balsamina is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a medium rate. Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of Pakistan, 2018. Reddy CS, 2008. Balsams on the offensive: the role of planting in the invasion of Impatiens species. Leaves alternate, the lowermost occasionally pseudo-opposite, sessile or shortly petiolate; petioles 2-13 mm; blades 2.7-9 x 1.1-2.6 cm, lanceolate to narrowly-elliptic or oblanceolate, glabrous or finely pubescent above and below, the base cuneate-acuminate, the margins serrate-dentate, with several dark sessile glands towards the base of the blade, the apex acute. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98. Balsamina mollis G.Don Balsamina odorata Buch.-Ham. Barbados: University of the West Indies.http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, CABI, 2018. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation. San José, Costa Rica: Asociación para la Conservación y el Estudio de la Biodiversidad.http://invasoras.acebio.org. Mansfeld's World Database of Agriculture and Horticultural Crops. In: Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). Share. In: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. It has been widely introduced outside of its native range as an ornamental to Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania and some parts of tropical Africa. Celesti-Grapow L, Pretto F, Carli E, Blasi C, 2010. Biological Invasions, 14(5), 915-927. http://www.springerlink.com/content/mp782272x513px25/ doi: 10.1007/s10530-011-0129-1, Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F., Smith, G. F., 2011. Balsamina foeminea Gaertn. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species. Tall Impatiens. Balsamina cornuta (L.) DC. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. The introduced flora to Machu Picchu Sanctuary: an inventory and management priorities for biodiversity conservation. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants : Threatened & Endangered: Wetland Indicator Status ... or see all the Impatiens thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Steve Hurst. Ottawa, Canada: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.396 pp. (Flora introducida en el Santuario Histórico de Machu Picchu: inventario y prioridades de manejo para la conservación de la biodiversidad). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T168915A6547780. Symptoms: Yellowing of the upper leaf surface and downward curling foliage. Before the recent advances in molecular phylogenetics, Impatiens (Balsaminaceae) was treated as a distinctly separate order, Balsaminales (Dahlgren, 1989), and more traditionally as a member of the order Geraniales under Rosidae (Cronquist, 1988; Thorne, 2000). Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. impatiens necrotic spot virus) are also common problems. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Online Portal of India Biodiversity. Today’s gardeners are bringing this heirloom back to the seed rack as they discover how easy and adaptable it is. Maintenance, balsam pruning. reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. Idárraga-Piedrahita A, Ortiz RDC, Callejas Posada R, Merello M, 2011. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. The present paper describes the chemical composition of the essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation from four Impatiens species, Impatiens glandulifera Royle, I. parviflora DC., I. balsamina L. and I. noli-tangere L. The GC and GC-MS methods resulted in identification of 226 volatile compounds comprising from 61.7%–88.2% of the total amount. [ed. Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen, 63, 271-287. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Biological Invasions. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan. It has been widely introduced outside of its native range as an ornamental to Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania and some parts of tropical Africa. 38 (2), 141-160. Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species., http://www.griis.org/. Florida, USA: Environmental Horticulture Department, University of Florida. Ochoa, J. G., Andrade, G. I., 2003. Impatiens balsamina Preferred Common Name; garden balsam Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness; Impatiens balsamina is an annual herb thought to be native to India and Myanmar. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. The cytological variation within the genus Impatiens is considerable with many species showing bimodal karyotypes (Song et al., 2003). Red Interamericana de Información de Especies Invasoras, Costa Rica. The native distribution range of I. balsamina is uncertain. Impatiens balsamina is very variable in size, pubescence and flower colour and several varieties and cultivars have been developed (Flora of Pakistan, 2018). St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Common Names. Galera, H., Ratynska, H., 1999. 208 pp. Jones D, O’Neill T, 2004. The colorful flowers are carried in an unusual position near the top of the 16" stem but underneath the top bunch of leaves. Impatiens … Balsamina minutiflora Span. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds. Impatiens balsamina L. 136 Balsam, Garden Balsam, Rose Balsam, Spotted Snapweed, Touch-me-not, Balsam weed, Garden Touch-me-not, Jewel Weed. Annual Flower Also known as Touch-Me-Not, Garden Balsam, Rose Balsam Impatiens balsamina Balsaminaceae Family Very shade-tolerant, balsam brings the tropics to the annual garden with brightly colored flowers borne closely along the upright, bright green stem of the plant. GRIIS, 2018. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). Online database. There is no information available for the specific control of I. balsamina, however, herbicides such as 2,4-D, triclopyr and glyphosate have been recommended to control the closely related species I. glandulifera (CABI, 2018). Wallingford, UK: CABI. Balsamina angustifolia Blume. Chacón E, Saborío G, 2012. In: Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Bolivia Catalogue, 2018. It is thought to be invasive to many tropical and subtropical islands in Oceania and the Caribbean as well as Costa Rica, Peru, the Galapagos Islands, the Philippines and parts of India. Because I. balsamina is widely commercialized as an ornamental and potted plant in the horticultural trade, the risk of new introductions of this species is very high. Pollen threads in Impatiens: their nature and function. Impatiens eriocarpa Launert. Uprooting or cutting the plants is an effective means of control. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Impatiens glandulifera. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Flora of China. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Pests and Diseases: Impatiens balsamina are susceptible to Spider mites, flower thrips, root-knot nematode, whiteflies, and aphids, especially under glass. Impatiens balsamina L. – spotted snapweed Subordinate Taxa. Flora Mesoamericana. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers. A plant growing 20 - 75 cm tall (8 - 30 in) with a thick, soft stem. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. by Tokarska-Guzik, B., Brock, J. H., Brundu, G., Child, L., Daehler, C. C., Pyšek, P.]. Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela: Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.859 pp. 3 (2), 177-184. http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?paperID=17533 DOI:10.4236/ajps.2012.32021, USDA-ARS, 2018. Catalogue of invasive alien flora of India. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Online Database. It is also a common weed in wastelands near villages, dwellings and cemeteries (van Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, 2001; Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2018; Flora Mesoamericana, 2018; India Biodiversity Portal, 2018; PFAF, 2018; PIER, 2018). It is recorded as invasive in the Philippines, parts of India, Costa Rica, Cuba, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands, Galapagos, Peru, French Polynesia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Solomon Islands and Tonga (Ochoa and Andrade, 2003; Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008; Chacón and Saborío, 2012; Chandra Sekar, 2012; Oviedo Prieto and González-Oliva, 2015; Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015; PIER, 2018). http://www.tropicos.org/Project/fm, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018. Greenhouse weeds in the botanical garden of Pas in Warsaw-Powsin. Before the ubiquitous impatiens of today, there were balsam flowers. Vogel S, Cocucci A, 1988. Online database. Chong K Y, Tan H T W, Corlett R T, 2009. Online Database. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae. As the anther walls break down and retract, the cellulose threads produced hold the exposed pollen in a lattice, from which the pollinating insects can then collect it (Vogel and Cocucci, 1988). In: Life Science Journal, 5 (2) 84-89. Valkenburg, J. L. C. H. van, Bunyapraphatsara, N., 2001. You can remove wilted flowers as you go to encourage new blooms to appear. Last updated October 2018    /    Privacy, This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level Impatiens balsamina Name Synonyms Balsamina angustifolia Bl. Impatiens balsamina, commonly called rose balsam or garden balsam, is an erect, sparsely-branched, tender annual that typically grows to 6-30” tall (depending on variety).Although an old garden favorite since at least Victorian times, it has been eclipsed in popularity in recent years by its close relative, the flat-flowered garden impatiens (Impatiens walleriana). The following description is from Flora Mesoamericana (2018) and Flora of China Editorial Committee (2018): Annual herbs, 60-100 cm; stems erect, succulent, not or sparsely branched, glabrous, often pubescent when young. These species can be distinguished by the following vegetative and floral traits (Flora Mesoamericana, 2018): Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Via human introduction it is now present across much of the Northern Hemisphere and is considered an invasive species in many areas. Delnatte, C., Meyer, J. Y., 2012. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.tropicos.org/Project/fm, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers.782 pp. http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list. Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. DAISIE, 2018. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. In Canada, it has been reported in eight provinces including British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland. Aphids feed on plant sap causing distorted growth, the spotted cucumber beetle (Diabrotica undecimpunctata) feeds on blossom and the tarnished plant bug (Lygus lineolaris) feeds on new shoots causing them to turn black (Gilman and Howe, 1999). India Biodiversity Portal, 2018. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov. The fungal disease downy mildew is caused by the pathogen Plasmopara obducens, and has been recorded in Europe, Asia, North America and Australia infecting a number of wild and cultivated Impatiens species, including I. walleriana and I. balsamina (Jones and O’Neill, 2004; Cunnington et al., 2006). (Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela)., Caracas, Venezuela, Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela. The stems, leaves and oil of the seeds are used in traditional Asian medicine for promoting blood circulation and for relieving pain and sore throats (Flora Mesoamericana, 2018; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018; PROTA, 2018; USDA-ARS, 2018). Balsamina foemina Gaertn. The flowers and leaves are often used across Asia for the traditional dyeing of a woman hair, nails, hands and feet (IPK Gatersleben, 2018). Greenhouse weeds in the botanical garden of Pas in Warsaw-Powsin. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos., Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation. Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe. In: Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. http://pfaf.org/user/Default.aspx, PIER, 2018. Impatiens are found all over the world but this particular species is native to India, Bangaladesh and Burma. www.europe-aliens.org/default.do. In cultivation, I. balsamina is impacted by insects. It is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant, and has become naturalised and invasive on several Pacific Ocean islands. 41 (1), 41-82. http://www.sanbi.org, Flora Mesoamericana, 2018. Balsamina balsamina Huth Balsamina coccinea (Sims) DC. However, stem fragments may readily take root. This species can form large stands in the understory of secondary forests displacing native species and preventing the natural regeneration of these areas (Flora Mesoamericana, 2018; GRIIS, 2018; PIER, 2018; PROTA, 2018). In: Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. Troublesome invasive weed. Since its introduction to parts of North America, Europe and New Zealand, himalayan balsam has been successful in escaping cultivation and invading natural areas. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2018. It is cultivated as an ornamental and naturalized across Europe, parts of tropical Africa and much of tropical and temperate Asia, Central and South America, the Caribbean and many islands in the Pacific Ocean (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018; Flora Mesoamericana, 2018; Flora of Pakistan, 2018; GRIIS, 2018; PIER, 2018; PROTA, 2018; USDA-ARS, 2018). It is frost tender. Janssens, S. B., Knox, E. B., Huysmans, S., Smets, E. F., Merckx, V. S. F. T., 2009. Impatiens balsamina L. North Africa Family Balsaminaceae Genus Impatiens L. Species Impatiens balsamina L. … Additionally, this species has the potential to escape from cultivation and become naturalized in the wild (Flora Mesoamericana, 2018). Plant resources of South-East Asia No. 273 pp. http://www.griis.org/, Gupta AK, 2011. 12(2): medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Naturalization and invasion of alien plants in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Plant Pathology, 57(2), 371. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2007.01630.x doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2007.01630.x, DAISIE, 2018. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Germination takes about 8 to 14 days. Also considered invasive in some areas, Reported as both native and introduced in the country, Naturalized; Original citation: Broome (2018), Cultivated; Original citation: Bolivia Catalogue (2018), Original citation: Idarraga et al. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Catalogue of invasive alien flora of India. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. Factsheet 05/04 Impatiens Protected Crops. From J.L.Hudson ( he lists it as Camillia-flowered impatiens )., rome, Italy: Editrice... Y prioridades de manejo para la Conservación de la biodiversidad. )., Caracas Venezuela., North Carolina, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http: //www.tropicos.org/Project/BC, Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington,... 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