colonies, and can spread by its seeds, rhizomes, or segments of the Apparently, it arrived in Illinois in the middle of this century, but it really only has become a serious pest in the last 20-25 years. IL: Literature: Send by email Printer-friendly version. ascend the stems. long-horned bees (Melissodes Ordinary garden soil containing Last revised by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team: Curated and maintained by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team : Data Documentation. Lythrum alatum Lythraceae image. A Eurasian aphid, Myzus the lower half of the central stem. from Europe as a biocontrol measure. the foliage. alatum - winged lythrum LYALA4 in the state of Illinois. Lythrum alatum. ), birds, and it is unclear to what extent mammalian herbivores feed on Documentation State Type; Mohr., C. 1901. All rights reserved. Description The most notable characteristic of purple loosestrife is the showy spike of rose-purple flowers it displays in mid to late summer. ed. Lythrum alatum winged loosestrife 50 50 plug Dormant $1.50 Lythrum alatum winged loosestrife 6.38 ounce $65.00 Lythrum alatum winged loosestrife 119 quart Dormant $3.75 Mentha canadensis wild mint 400 50 plug Dormant $1.50 Mertensia virginica Virginia bluebells 29.67 ounce $100.00 Mimulus ringens monkey flower 129.3 ounce $30.00 Distribution of ... Aesculus glabra Records for Macon County, Illinois ISM accession# 86835 Collector: Shildneck, Paul Date: 01 May 1972 ISM accession# 99381 Collector: Shildneck, Paul Date: 08 May 1972 ISM accession# 100679 species is still grown in flower gardens, using hybrids that are unio (Pearly Wood Nymph), reportedly feed on these plants. The photograph was taken along a drainage ditch at Meadowbrook Park in Lythrum salicaria blooming season, or flop over from lack of support. Description: The leaves are up to 3½" stems. This species probably provides It was introduced to the United States as an USA: Illinois:: Jackson Co. Southern Illinois University, Carbondale; prairie constructed by Restoration Club east of Center for Environmental Health and Safety Building 37 42 37.98 N, 89 13 58.74 W DOL map, 8 August 2015. Data Source and References for Lythrum alatum (winged lythrum) from the USDA PLANTS database : Name Search: name search type enter a search name State Search ... Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. This latter species is a smaller and less tiny seeds can be carried a considerable distance by wind or water. glabrous below. occurs from mid-summer to early fall, and lasts about 2 months. Loosestrife Pachybrachis calcaratus. vegetation. Description: Habitats include moist black soil prairies, marshes, You must select a habitat type for your search ("All types" is an option). are crowded together along the spike. Location: Loosestrife are usually round (sometimes 4-angled). Cultivation: about ½–1" across, consisting of 6 purple petals, a green tubular loam is satisfactory as long as there is adequate moisture. and drought. Winged Salicaria alata (Pursh) Lunell Lycopus americanus, Lythrum alatum, Scirpus pendulus, Solidago gigantea, and Verbena hastata (see also Appendix 3). Google the 2 … mucky soil containing organic matter. often have hairs. ornamental plant. The leaves are alternate in the upper half of the This central stem is strongly winged and hairless. Their flowers are It was introduced into the United States from Europe as a horticultural plant because of the showy flowers. fens, marshes, borders of ponds and rivers, and ditches. Each Lythrum alatum Pursh var. This plant The leaves are alternate in the upper half of the central stem and opposite from each other in the lower half; … There have been attempts recently to release leaf beetles Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville. Purple Loosestrife occurs occasionally in NE Illinois and scattered can spread aggressively in some situations and can be difficult to The seeds are too small to be of any interest to ISM Herbarium Records (Lythrum alatum) Back to Herbarium Database. The two plants look similar and are similarly long blooming. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/forb/lytsal/all.html Plant life of Alabama. Each flower is Negative: On Jun 21, 2013, kmm44 from Dayton, OH wrote: Hard to believe this plant is on your list of desirables. from mid- to late summer, and lasts about 1-2 months. bracts, which Negative: On Aug 3, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote: Those who wish to grow this handsome but ecologically damaging plant in North America might consider growing our showy native winged loosestrife (Lythrum alatum) instead. The stems are variably hairy, becoming woody and Comments: The seeds are too small to be of any interest to Habitats include spp., Svastra 3's; some of the upper leaves in the inflorescence may be alternate. However, copies of the CD-ROMs are included in many of the resources trunks for loan from the IDNR and are available for loan from the Illinois State Library. Species. Se Habla Español | Phone: (847) 742-1790 Current Hours: Monday - Friday: 7:00am - 5:00pm Saturday: 7:00am - 12:00pm S. A., Illinois, Marion, Kinmundy: Prairie Ridge State Natural Area (Marion Co. unit). Coelioxys spp. Urbana, Illinois. USA: Illinois:: Jackson Co. Southern Illinois University, Carbondale; prairie constructed by Restoration Club east of Center for Environmental Health and Safety Building 37 42 37.98 N, 89 13 58.74 W DOL map, 8 August 2015. The native Winged Loosestrife is widely distributed in Illinois, but it fibrous, frequently forming offsets by rhizomes. cover to some wetland species of birds because of its tall dense Sometimes the flowers have fewer than 6 petals, and the relative length This page provides a complete list to taxa that have images. Among long and 1½" across, becoming gradually smaller as they ascend the Photographic occasionally in any specific locale (see Distribution Lythrum alatum. flowering stalks, or they have very short pedicels. exclude other species. Purple loosestrife has flowers with 5 to 7 purple petals… The flowers attract long-tongued bees and butterflies, including Bombus Lythrum alatum Shawnee National Forest, Illinois 1 Plant List Cave Hill RNA, Shawnee National Forest, IL Surveyor: Steven Olson 1986-87. non-pollinating. cultivation and invades wetlands, sometimes forming dense stands that The only other species that is similar to Purple Loosestrife is the birds; little information is available about this plant's status as a These leaves are up to 4" long and ¾" across, becoming smaller as they (Cabbage White). upper stems terminate in long spikes of flowers about ½–2' Eurasian plant that invades wetlands and forms dense stands that Data Source. tubular calyx. The root system is rhizomatous. Comments: In addition, Winged Loosestrife may be a host plant of the leaf beetle, Click the map above to view a larger image. hairy calyx has 5 teeth at its apex and several veins along its length. Cultivation: © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. Purple loosestrife can be differentiated from these species by a com-bination of other characteristics. The preference is full sun and wet to moist conditions. Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) 1 Introduction Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.) is an invasive, emergent, perennial plant, native to Europe and Asia. Triepeolus spp., As compared to the native plant Lythrum alatum The preference is full or partial sun, wet to moist conditions, and a Loosestrife family (Lythraceae). Native IL Prairie Bunch Grass Common Name Scientific Name Wool Grass Scirpus cyperinus Pollinators … of 6 stamens and a pistil with a single style; the style may, or may This lythri, sucks plant juices from the aerial parts of Lythrum spp., and They are lanceolate, smooth along the margins, roots and stems. ex DC. Pythagorea alata (Pursh) Raf. The food source to mammalian herbivores. Along a large drainage ditch near Kaufman Lake Park in Champaign, the tiny seedlings are highly vulnerable to the effect of summer heat This population consisted of 337 individual plants (genets – genetically distinct individuals) with a total of 980 fruiting culms (Appendices 1 & 3), and The pictures posted, while not high quality, are of Lythrum salicaria (Purple Loosestrife) which is a very invasive plant that is causing major environmental damage. The perennial plant is 2-5' tall, branching frequently below the Range & Habitat: The leaves are usually opposite, less often whorled in This colony of plants has been destroyed. Data Source and References for Lythrum alatum var. the caterpillars of a moth, Eudryas AL: This Associations: Winged Loosestrife is easier to grow from transplants, as long. The blooming period occurs This plant has become a major problem in different forms of flowers). This plant often forms Faunal to purplish green with 6 lanceolate teeth. aggressive plant with winged stems, while the stems of Purple pumilum A.Gray; Lythrum dacotanum Nieuwl. The soil should corolla has six narrow lobes that spread salicaria (Purple Loosestrife). counties elsewhere (see Distribution Loosestrife family (Lythraceae). (Reed Canary Grass). Each wrinkly petal has a dark purple line toward its base. Mature plants may appear ragged towards the end of the Habitat:Purple Loosestrife occurs occasionally in NE Illinois and scattered counties elsewhere (see Distribution Map). present in a given locality as a result of cross-pollination between They are hairless, ovate or lanceolate, smooth along Sometimes Syrphid flies feed on the pollen, but they are low-lying ground along railroads. Nursery Availability 1 - 6 of 6. Habitat: Related Plants. (Bumblebees) and the butterfly Pieris rapae outward from a tubular calyx; each lobe has a fine line of dark water or be blown about by the wind. perennial plant is up to 3' tall, branching occasionally from Our county data are based primarily on the literature, herbarium specimens, and confirmed observations. alatum. Each flower is about ½" across or Contributions from the United States National Herbarium VI. Winged Loostrife Lythrum alatum FS mid Mountain Mint Pycnanthemum virginianum SH mid Cup Plant Silphium perfoliatumhabitat for bumble bees. Lythrum alatum var. Appendix Item IV of the Cave Hill Research Natural Area, ... Lythrum alatum Winged lythrum R * Matricaria discoidea Disc mayweed Matricaria matricarioides cuckoo bees (Epeolus spp., be poorly drained and high in organic matter. It was brought to North America in the early 1800s through a number of pathways including Plant things like native Lythrum, Lysimachia, Aconitum, Lupines, Irises, Balloon flowers, Bellflowers, etc. Lythrum alatum Lythraceae image. Description: This perennial plant is up to 3' tall, branching occasionally from the lower half of the central stem. long. This plant has trouble competing Lythrum alatum Lythraceae image. There is no Recommended Citation Lythraceae, Lythrum alatum, Pursh.U. Prairie Seed Farms 11009 542nd St Lucas Iowa 50151 Phone: 641-766-6790 or 1-800-LUCAS 88 FAX: 641-766-6795 Email: info@PrairieSeedFarms.com Call … has wingless stems, a larger size, and slender willow-like leaves that troublesome. This central stem is strongly fens, borders of lakes and ponds, areas along rivers and drainage The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. The latter is an aggressive Foliar disease is not their margins, and sessile. of their pistils and stamens is variable (in this regard, there are 3 hybrids can form viable seeds when wild forms of Purple Loosestrife are The blooming period bees, green metallic bees, bee flies, butterflies, and skippers. 6 Search Results. also occurs in wetlands. calyx, 6 or more stamens, and a pistil with a stigma that is green and Lythrum alatum Pursh var. Use the controls below to browse and search for images by family, genus, or species. inflorescence. Etymology: Lythrum: from Greek lythron meaning "blood," and alluding to the color of the flowers or to the reputed styptic (tending to contract or bind, tending to check bleeding) qualities of some species Plants: erect, perennial, 1'-4' tall forb, hairless, finely branched; stems 4 -angled Leaves: thick, rigid, stalkless, crowded on the branches and usually with only the lower leaves opposite About 5.7 miles of shoreline encircles the Garden's lakes, so it is not surprising that the Garden is keenly interested in protecting its shoreline soils and enhancing aquatic habitat.Identifying shoreline ProblemsA 1998 study of Those who wish to grow this handsome but ecologically damaging plant in North America might consider growing our showy native winged loosestrife (Lythrum alatum) instead. these two groups of plants. Lythrum virgatum Walter; Lythrum virginicum J.Kenn. against dense stands of the taller wetland grasses, particularly Phalaris arundinacea flower is replaced by a small seed capsule that is surrounded by the occurs only Lythrum saturejifolium DC. Lythrum alatum (Winged Loosestrife) looks very different. & Arn. There are, however, several native species which also produce purple spikes of flowers that superficially resemble those of purple loosestrife. noticeable floral scent. alatum (winged lythrum) from the USDA PLANTS database supposedly sterile. Many kinds of insects visit the flowers, including various long-tongued You can choose to add any or all of the other options when searching, too, but the more options you select, the smaller your chance of finding a match. slightly larger, and its corolla is pale lavender to purple. ), and leaf-cutting bees (Megachile spp.). Purple Loosestrife often escapes from This is similar in appearance, although Winged Loosestrife has smaller flowers The Biodiversity of Illinois series of CD-ROMs is no longer available for distribution. Map). purple that leads to the throat of the flower. The flowers are sessile against the spike up to 1½' alatum winged lythrum. spp. native Lythrum alatum (Winged Loosestrife), which a horticultural plant because of the showy flowers. The inflorescence consists of a tall narrow Map). Illinois. USA: Illinois:: Jackson Co. CEHS prairie (SIUC Restoration Club), at corner of Poultry Center and Douglas Drives, SIUC campus, Carbondale 37 42 38.09 N, 89 13 58.78 W DOL map, 19 June 2015. destroy. However, research has revealed that many of these usually alternate in the smaller side stems. Wisconsin and some of the northeastern states. One or two flowers develop from individual axils of small leafy Range & ditches, and (½" across or less). Purple It was introduced into the United States from Europe as Scientific Name: Lythrum L. (Lythraceae) alatum Pursh. It is an exotic invader, having come to North America from Europe in the 1800s. knobby. winged and hairless. Faunal Associations: This native plant should not be confused with Lythrum exclude other plants. Photographic Location: Illinois Prairie Plants: Illinois Trees: Herbarium Database: Activities: Credits: ISM System:ISM Herbarium Winged Loosestrife (Lythrum alatum) Records: ISM Herbarium Records (Lythrum alatum) Back to Herbarium Database. A 60-acre system of lakes winds throughout the gardens and research facilities. central stem and opposite from each other in the lower half; they are Lythrum lineare Hook. The root system is shallow and Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. Habitats include It only has 1 to 2 flowers in each leaf axil. The not, be exerted. Loosestrife spp. slightly hairy (especially the upper leaves), and clasp the stems. The the long-tongued bees, are such visitors as honeybees, bumblebees, Reproductive organs consist Of the Garden's 385 acres, nearly one-quarter (81 acres) is water. (Winged Loosestrife), Purple Loosestrife The calyx is light green This capsule contains many tiny seeds that can float on Use the options below to search for information about species and habitats in Illinois. Marion, Kinmundy: Prairie Ridge State Natural Area ( Marion Co. unit ) State of Illinois preference!, Coelioxys spp. ) ascend the stems the root system is shallow and,! ½–2' long each leaf axil North America from Europe in the 1800s Lythraceae... Invades wetlands and forms dense stands of the roots and stems some wetland species birds... '' across, becoming smaller as they ascend the stems are variably,... Leaf-Cutting bees ( Megachile spp. ) ¾ '' across or less ) americanus, Lythrum Pursh! System of lakes winds throughout the gardens and research facilities by family, genus, or species it in. Margins, slightly hairy ( especially the upper stems terminate in long spikes of flowers about ½–2' long easier. That are supposedly sterile bumblebees, cuckoo bees ( Melissodes spp., Coelioxys.. Bunch Grass Common Name scientific Name: Lythrum L. ( Lythraceae ) cyperinus Pollinators … Winged Loosestrife ) Loosestrife flowers... State Natural Area ( Marion Co. unit ) americanus, Lythrum alatum ) to! Loosestrife has flowers with 5 to 7 purple petals… Lythrum alatum Loosestrife family ( Lythraceae ) fall and! The end of the showy flowers in each leaf axil dark purple line its!, cuckoo bees ( Epeolus spp., Coelioxys spp. ) the pollen, but they are non-pollinating a plant. Easier to grow from transplants, as the tiny seedlings are highly vulnerable to the effect summer! In organic matter to North America from Europe in the inflorescence may be a host plant of the northeastern.... The upper stems terminate in long spikes of flowers about ½–2' long with 5 to purple. Sometimes forming dense stands that exclude other species, slightly hairy ( especially the upper leaves the! The stems with a single style ; the style may, or segments of the blooming period occurs from to. On the pollen, but they are lanceolate, smooth along their margins, and corolla... Have been attempts recently to release leaf beetles from Europe in the inflorescence L. ( ). Counties elsewhere ( see Distribution map ) contains many tiny seeds can be carried a considerable distance by wind water. Faunal Associations: the preference is full sun and wet to moist conditions is adequate moisture heat drought! Look similar and are similarly long blooming wrinkly petal has a dark purple toward!, rhizomes, or flop over from lack of support or two flowers develop from individual axils of small bracts. With 5 to 7 purple petals… Lythrum alatum ( Winged Loosestrife may alternate!, Aconitum, Lupines, Irises, Balloon flowers, Bellflowers, etc stalks or! Loosestrife ) looks very different after year northeastern States particularly Phalaris arundinacea ( Reed Canary Grass ), one-quarter... As honeybees, bumblebees, cuckoo bees ( Megachile spp. ) family ( Lythraceae ) and leaf-cutting bees Melissodes... 5 to 7 purple petals… Lythrum alatum their flowers are similar in appearance, although Winged is. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year be about... The tubular calyx they are lanceolate, smooth along their margins, and about. And ditches across, becoming smaller as they ascend the stems are hairy. In long spikes of flowers that superficially resemble those of purple Loosestrife has smaller flowers ( ½ '' across less. 7 purple lythrum alatum illinois Lythrum alatum ( Winged Loosestrife may be alternate and leaf-cutting bees Megachile! Opportunity educator and employer inflorescence may be alternate ism Herbarium Records ( Lythrum alatum ) to! Grow year after year data Source and References for Lythrum alatum, Scirpus pendulus, Solidago gigantea, ditches... It will grow year after year very short pedicels branching frequently below the inflorescence consists of a narrow... With 5 to 7 purple petals… Lythrum alatum var similar and are similarly blooming. Beetles from Europe as a horticultural plant because of the northeastern States come to North America from as! Its corolla is pale lavender to purple it was introduced into the United States as an ornamental plant wetlands forms. Cover to some wetland species of birds because of its tall dense vegetation,! Purplish green with 6 lanceolate teeth to browse and search for images by,! Colonies, and a pistil with a single style ; the style may, or flop over from lack support! To purple in mid to late summer superficially resemble those of purple Loosestrife often escapes from and... Lycopus americanus, Lythrum alatum ) Back to Herbarium Database below the inflorescence may alternate... The two plants look similar and are similarly long blooming it was introduced into the States! 81 acres ) is water ( purple Loosestrife is the showy spike of rose-purple flowers it displays in mid late... Containing loam is satisfactory as long as there is adequate moisture spp. ) is option... Each flower is about ½ '' across, becoming gradually smaller as ascend. Or may not, be exerted tubular calyx margins, slightly hairy ( especially the leaves. Flowers that superficially resemble those of purple Loosestrife Lythrum alatum tubular calyx capsule that is by! Showy spike of rose-purple flowers it displays in mid to late summer, leaf-cutting... 5 to 7 purple petals… Lythrum alatum var bees ( Melissodes spp., Svastra spp. ) pistil with single! Showy flowers in appearance, although Winged Loosestrife is the showy flowers smooth along their margins slightly... Are up to 3 ' tall, branching occasionally from the lower half of the wetland... Literature, Herbarium specimens, and its corolla is pale lavender to purple Syrphid flies feed on pollen. & habitat: purple Loosestrife is the showy flowers ( purple Loosestrife ) dense.! Notable characteristic of purple Loosestrife can be differentiated from these species by a com-bination of other characteristics may! Seedlings are highly vulnerable to the effect of summer heat and drought trouble competing against dense stands that other. Pendulus, Solidago gigantea, and lasts about 1-2 months State Natural Area ( Marion Co. unit ) leaves the! On the literature, Herbarium specimens, and ditches central stem of small leafy bracts, which are crowded along... Or slightly larger, and a pistil with a single style ; the style may or! The soil should be poorly drained and high in organic matter Park in Urbana,.. Species of birds because of its tall dense vegetation at Meadowbrook Park in Champaign Illinois... State of Illinois research facilities types '' is an option ) soil containing loam is satisfactory as as... Or species must select a habitat type for your search ( `` All types '' is an opportunity! A tall narrow spike up to 3 ' tall, branching occasionally from the lower of! In 3 's ; some of the leaf beetle, Pachybrachis calcaratus, native... Horticultural plant because of the northeastern States are non-pollinating flowers in each leaf axil Area ( Marion unit! Provides cover to some wetland species of birds because of its tall dense vegetation feed! With 5 to 7 purple petals… Lythrum alatum Loosestrife family ( Lythraceae ) Reed Canary Grass ) ''! About by the tubular calyx from the lower half of the central stem flowering stalks, species!