Among all the museums, Independence Museum and National Museum are the most popular. European colonies were first established in the 16th century, and came under British Empire rule in the early 19th century. Also known as the Great Stupa in Vientiane, it is a symbol of Buddhism and Laos rule as well as the most sacred monument in the country. It is a socialist state and the only landlocked country in Southeast Asia at the heart of the Indochinese peninsula, bordered by Myanmar and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the southwest, and Thailand to the west and southwest. The topography of this peninsula goes from higher mountain regions to lower flatland and beaches in the south. Besides, you can also visit Angkor Thom which was the last great capital of the Angkorian Empire. To this area, rice and rubber exports are of vital importance. How Many Countries are Included? Street markets in Mandalay are the kind of markets that make ambling travelers almost revel in. This language family represents the second largest language in the world in terms of number of native speakers. There is the 1.17 million km’s coastline in Indochina Peninsula, so you may know many important harbors there, just like Nha Trang, Ho Chi Minh City (or Saigon), Danang and Yangon. For many people, Myanmar remains a place of mystery and undiscovered treasures, kept in isolation and away from tourism. The bilateral trade relations between People’s Republic of China (PRC) and Thailand have considerably increased following the signing of the PRC—ASEAN Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) on ‘Trade in Goods’ in July 2005, the ‘Trade in Services’ in 2007 and ‘Investment’ in 2009. Buddhism has long been the predominant religion of the country, and while it has had a very violent and brutal history of war, it is now rated as the safest place to visit in Southeast Asia. Abstract. Please check our content below and get more information about the Indochina countries. It includes the countries of Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam. Indochina, also known as the Indochina Peninsula, is lying to the east of India and south or southwest of China. To the west of Indochina Peninsula, there are the Bay of Bengal, the Andaman Sea and the Strait of Malacca. As for the Shwedagon Pagoda, located in Yangon Myanmar, it is a world-famous pagoda, and is also a symbol of Myanmar. Japan won the conflict handily. Until the mid-20th century most permanent immigrants to Thailand were allowed—even encouraged—to become citizens. Please fill in your contact information, we will send you the answer by email, Get a quick answer from our professional travel consultants. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Coordinates. Our prices are upfront and in detail. The federal constitutional monarchy consists of 13 states and three federal territories, separated by the South China Sea into two similarly sized regions: Peninsular Malaysia and Malaysian Borneo. Especially recent years, the tourism of Indochina has developed fast and UNESCO has also promoted the development of the tourism of Indochina. Please refer to the map on this page for more details. The region stretches south of China, from Myanmar in the west to the Pacific Ocean coast in the east. Countries of Mainland Southeast Asia The countries that make up Mainland Southeast Asia are Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, and West Malaysia. 12 Days Classic Cambodia and Myanmar Tour, 13 Days Classic Vietnam and Cambodia Tour, 14 Days Vietnam and Cambodia Highlights Tour with Halong Bay Cruise, 17 Days Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Myanmar Higylights Tour, 19 Days Classic Myanmar, Cambodia and Vietnam Tour, How to Get Cambodia Visa Easily and Quickly, 12 Days Myanmar Best & Long Neck Hill Tribe Discovery, 13 Days Myanmar Off the Beaten Track Tour, 10-Day Thailand Classic Family Tour with Beach Relaxing, 17-Day Thailand Tour with Beach Relaxing Tour, 12 Days Essence of Cambodia and Myanmar Tour, 14 Days Myanmar and Vietnam Exploration Tour, 17 Days Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Myanmar Highlights Tour, 15 Days Classic Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos Small Group Tours, 12 Days Vietnam and Cambodia Small Group Tours, 12 Days Thailand and Cambodia Classic Small Group Tour, 9 Days Classic Vietnam Small Group Tour Package, 9 Days Classic Myanmar Small Group Highlights Tour. However, this has been changing over the last several years, and tourism is now the biggest growth sector in the country, with the numbers of tourists constantly rising thanks to their latest tourism slogan, “Simply Beautiful". In the past decade, China's investment in Thailand has increased 46 times, from 0.3% to 14% of total foreign direct investment (FDI). From providing afternoon snacks and unlimited cold filtered water during tours to checking your room for you at each accommodation, we are here to make sure your trip is pleasant. If you are going to have a trip to Myanmar, it is better to follow us and check for the fantastic attractions in Myanmar. A more positive role for Thailand’s upland peoples has been fostered by King Bhumibol and other members of the royal family, who have not only made many visits to these areas but also have established projects that replaced opium cultivation with other products that have improved the livelihoods of upland peoples. Considered as the Kingdom of Wonder, Cambodia attracts kinds of tourists with its sacred ancient temples and pagodas, awe-inspiring landscapes, tropical beaches and so on. Most of the cases of the virus have been within China, although infections have been detected in Thailand, Vietnam, Singapore, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan in addition to the United States. In fact, Indochina is often considered the dividing line between Austroasiatic and Sino-Tibetan languages. It is another traditional Khmer architecture in Cambodia, saved with an impressive red sandstone structure. Officially known as the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), Laos is one of the poorest nations in Southeast Asia. Where is Indochina? When is the Best Time to Have an Indochina Tour? The Chinese Embassy to Thailand Holds Event to Celebrate the 44th Anniversary of the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations Between China and Thailand (2019-07-04) Ambassador Lyu Jian's Signed Article Entitled Win-Win Cooperation, rather than Unilateralism is the Right Choice Published on Media in Thailand (2019-06-26) Five of the patients among Thailand's new cases, aged between 6 and 70, came from China's Hubei province, and belonged to the same family, health official Tanarak Plipat told reporters. After gaining independence from colonists, the Indochina governments devoted to achieving market-based economies within their respective countries. How about Indochina? A number of stigmas have plagued the upland peoples, including a history of growing opium poppies and engaging in swidden (slash-and-burn) agriculture—both banned in the 1950s—as well as a widespread inability or failure to obtain national identification cards. Speak to Our Experts: It covers around 17 million square miles and is home to over four billion individuals. The capital is Kuala Lumpur and the federal government is in bucheng. The then-King was forced to accept a constitution, and the name was changed to Thailand in 1939, with a brief reversion to Siam from 1946 to 1948. Although there was discrimination against Chinese in the first half of the 20th century, the Sino-Thai have come to play a preeminent role not only in the economy but also in politics. And the capital and largest city is Bangkok. Popular with young backpackers for decades, Thailand is a place of tropical forests and a rural heartland, with centuries of culture and history, as well as the bustling metropolis of Bangkok, which tempts visitors in with promises of an “anything goes” lifestyle. You can find many old shops including countless tailors, souvenir shops, art galleries, restaurants and cafés. China sees Taiwan as a breakaway province that will eventually be part of the country again, but many Taiwanese want a separate nation. It is wholly within the tropics and encompasses diverse ecosystems. The name "Angkor" comes from the Angkorian-era Khmer Empire that dominated the area of present day Cambodia. And all the countries are popular tourism destinations. The capital and largest city is Vientiane. The capital city has been Hanoi since the reunification of North and South Vietnam in 1976 while Ho Chi Minh City is the most populous city. The Laos National Museum is located in the old French Governor's mansion where you will have a chance to learn about the history, culture and people of Laos. It is the royal residence for 150 years and home of the Thai King, the Royal Court and the administrative seat of government till the turn of twentieth century. More information about Thailand is available on the Thailand Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet. Overview: This page contains the latest international trade data for Thailand, including service trade data, and tariffs.In 2018 Thailand was the number 25 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 22 in total exports, the number 23 in total imports, and the number 28 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI). The capital and largest city is Vientiane. Sitting at the heart of the Indochinese Peninsular, Thailand has been through several coups from both democratic politicians and military junta over the last 50 years. How to Plan an Indochina Tour for the First-time Traveler, Top Five Golden Beaches for Indochina Tour. If you have been wondering these questions about Indochina for a long time, it is your best time to learn about more details about Indochina. The whole museum covers a lot of ancient artifacts like Khmer sculptures, dinosaur bones, pottery fragments, and a single jar from the Plain of Jars in Savannakhe from prehistoric times to the modern day. If you are planning to watch the sunrise, there is a popular location in the northern reflecting pool. It lies east of the Indian subcontinent and south of China and is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east. There rests the most popular Vietnamese leader, Ho Chi Minh. From the turn of the 20th century to present, the economy of Indochina rely heavily on agricultural production, especially the Vietnamese economy. The region was already inhabited by Homo erectus from approximately 1,500,000 years ago during the Middle Pleistocene age.